Latin: Foeniculum vulgare
Part Used: seeds
Constituents: anethole, fenchone, fatty oil
Medicinal Actions: carminative, aromatic, antispasmodic, stimulant, galactagogue, rubefacient, expectorant
Uses & Combinations
As Culpepper suggested in his Complete Herbal, Fennel is an excellent remedy for the stomach and intestines. It relieves flatulence, and stimulates digestion and appetite. Fennel also has a calming effect on coughs and bronchitis, and can be used to flavour cough remedies. Nursing mothers can use Fennel to stimulate their breast milk production. Fennel has a sweet and gentle licorice-like flavour, which makes it a favourite tea for kids who might have tummy trouble.
Topically, oil infused with Fennel can be used to ease muscular aches and rheumatic pains.
Features & Cultivation
Fennel is most often grown as an annual plant. It has feathery leaves, similar to dill, though you’ll easily know the difference by its sweet flavour and aroma. It prefers moist, well drained soil and full sun, and will grow between 4–6 feet tall. Fennel grows quickly and takes well to containers.